The usage of medical cannabis in modern times is contentious, and in recent decades the American Medical Association, the MMA, the American Society of Addiction Medicine, and other medical associations have issued statements opposing its use for medicinal purposes.
In general, a study says medical marijuana is safe and effective in controlling chronic pain, alleviating nausea and vomiting associated with chemotherapy, treating wasting syndrome associated with AIDS, and controlling muscle aches because of multiple sclerosis and epilepsy. Several studies have indicated that cannabinoids may prevent many kinds of cancers from growing and spreading, including pancreatic, lung, leukemic, melanoma, oral, lymphoma, and other types of cancer. A significant percentage of oncologists support medical marijuana as an option for their own patients.
There are several species of Cannabis. They are:
- Cannabis sativa: A strain found in Mexico and Central South America. The Sativa plant is tall with narrow, serrated leaves. It’s THC – the psychoactive-inducing part of the plant – and the consequences are mostly on the mind and emotions.
- Indica’s effects are mostly physical and some psychological, including relaxation, sedation, and pain reduction.
- Cannabis Ruderalis: This breed is also referred to as hemp and has no THC.
- Cannabis Hybrid Strains: The effect in a cross-pollination of different strains. The effects are often stronger than the initial strain.
Unlike a lot of abused drugs, an overdose of marijuana is not lethal, according to the National Cancer Institute. Though marijuana may be addictive for some, the capacity for forming a dependence on marijuana is lower than some prescription medication and other abused drugs.
But, marijuana has side effects. The primary psychoactive chemical in marijuana is THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, one of more than 60 cannabinoids (chemicals unique to marijuana). THC binds to cannabinoid receptors, which are concentrated in areas of the brain associated with memory, thinking, enjoyment, coordination, and time understanding.
Researchers believe that regular cannabis use can have neurotoxic effects on aging brain structures. A 2012 study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences found that people who started smoking before the age of 18, revealed a larger decrease in IQ and cognitive functioning compared to people who started taking as adults. More: Heavy teen users-an an average of four or more occasions a week-who continued to smoke as adults experienced an 8-point IQ fall which couldn’t be blamed on booze, other drugs, or even less education.
The consequences of marijuana can hinder attention, judgment, and balance. Pot also inhibits the immune system, which is damaging to a lot of people, but beneficial for others with certain health conditions. Although marijuana has been proven to reduce pressure within the uterus, a symptom of this condition glaucoma, research has shown that other drugs might be more successful.
Studies have produced conflicting results on whether smoking marijuana carries a significant cancer risk. According to the American Cancer Society, global research into the benefits and side effects of compounds in marijuana is ongoing. Some chemicals in marijuana have already been developed into pharmaceuticals.
Canada, New Zealand, and many countries in Europe have accepted a nasal spray, which uses purified cannabinoids derived from marijuana for treating cancer pain and muscular spasms in multiple sclerosis. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved two drugs made of synthetic cannabinoids, dronabinol, and nabilone, which treat nausea and appetite issues in cancer and HIV patients. Yet the FDA hasn’t approved marijuana in its plant type for treatment.
To conclude it can be said that while Cannabis for treating poor effects or severe or terminal illness might be an option, utilizing it for pleasure or not very serious functions have to be avoided.