Dental disease is common among cats. Many cats develop substantial gingivitis and periodontal disease by the age of four. It is a dangerous, slowly progressive condition that causes pain and impairs general health and well-being. There will be no evidence of mouth pain in cats. Because the discomfort linked with dental issues develops gradually, individuals learn to live with it. Therefore, all cats must visit a veterinarian once a year to evaluate their oral health.
What are the most prevalent dental problems among felines?
Here are the most prevalent dental diseases among cats.
The periodontal disease infects and inflames the gum tissue. Due to poor dental hygiene, plaque builds up at and below the gum line. This infection inflamed gums, tooth-anchoring ligaments, and bones. Untreated, periodontal disease can cause tooth loss by destroying supporting tissues. Gingivitis and periodontitis are periodontal diseases. Veterinarian dental cleanings at this veterinary clinic to treat gingivitis and periodontitis need anesthesia. A tooth may look better without an anesthetic, but plaque underneath the gum line remains.
Bacterial plaque causes gum inflammation in gingivitis, but not ligaments or bones. The gums turn coral pink to scarlet or purple and swell. Gums bleed easily. Common bad breath. Gingivitis can be remedied with an appropriate dental cleaning, but it can develop into periodontitis if untreated. Some 6- to 8-month-old cats develop gingivitis. Swollen gums and foul breath are common symptoms.
Dental care for cats through professional tooth cleaning under anesthesia can treat gingivitis. This involves gum cleansing. If gingivitis doesn’t improve, your cat may need a deeper cleaning. After cleanings, your vet may seal the teeth to reduce bacterial buildup and enhance healing. Unresponsive cats should be checked for immune system issues, diabetes, and feline Bartonella infection (cat scratch fever). If teeth aren’t kept clean and plaque-free, gingivitis will return.
In periodontitis, gums, ligaments, and bones are damaged. Plaque, tartar, and gingivitis commonly precede them. It causes irreparable tooth loss. This disease can appear in 1-year-old cats.
A professional cleaning above and below the gum line under anesthesia treats periodontitis. X-rays of the jaws can reveal bone loss. Periodontitis requires more thorough therapy than gingivitis, and further treatments may be needed for gum disease. Wisconsin Dells orthopedic surgery is common in this situation. Cats fare fine without teeth because they heal tissue. To clean the root surface, surgery may be needed. Finally, veterinarians address dental crowding or underlying illnesses that contribute to periodontitis.
If your cat has periodontitis, continue oral hygiene at home. Follow your vet’s advice for brushing, dietary adjustments, plaque prevention gel, and oral rinses. Frequent (3-month to 1-year) prophylactic cleanings prevent recurrence and bone loss.
On the teeth of your pet lies a thin film of food waste, bacteria, saliva, and dead cells that is called plaque. Plaque on the teeth for more than 72 hours hardens into tartar. This causes gum irritation and gum disease.
To Wrap It Up
Clean teeth rarely get gum disease. Regular dental exams and at-home techniques like brushing can help prevent gum disease. Daily teeth-brushing for cats. Plaques left for more than three days turn into calculus, which a toothbrush can’t remove. If you can’t brush your cat’s teeth, wipe them with gauze every 2 to 3 days. Ask your vet for ideas on plaque-removing treats and dry feeds. Your vet may apply a barrier sealant or plaque-prevention gel.