Veterinarians say about two-thirds of pet owners don’t comply with the recommended dental treatment for their dogs and cats, the two hottest pet animals in homes. But if people understood the implications that gum and teeth diseases bring, they’d give their pets’ oral hygiene a serious second thought.
Teeth and gum diseases of your pets may lead to serious illnesses in different organs of the human body that may be deadly if left unattended. Chronic oral infections affect general health and lead to sickness of the liver, lungs, heart, and kidneys. But preventive actions and regular care may protect them from having these conditions and help them enjoy longer, healthier lives.
Issues of the gums and teeth usually occur by the age of 2-3 decades. Here are some of the usual ailments that disturb our furry friends and the signs that show you how you can find them.
- Gingivitis: When you see mild redness in the teeth of the pet, do not ignore it. This is a sign of gingivitis or gum disease. Inflammation of the teeth in its early phase is easily reversible when you take prompt corrective steps. Besides redness, there’s some plaque although the gum surface is smooth. Plaque is the leading cause of gingivitis. It occurs when food debris collects in the mouth and blends with saliva, dead cells, and mucus, and turning the area into a rich breeding ground for bacteria. Bad breath and slight swelling of the gums are different signs of gingivitis.
- Periodontal Disease: Untended gingivitis worsens and turns right into periodontal disease. Plaque hardens form into tartar and generates gingival pockets (narrow spaces between the gums and teeth). Eventually, the teeth straightened, tissues are destroyed and teeth eventually become loose, placing them in danger of falling outside.
With celiac disease, your pet feels the pain and has trouble chewing and eating. The breath smells bad and there’s blood in the mouth coming out of the gums. Teeth are loose. The worst occurs when bacterial disease penetrates the membranes, goes into the blood, and travels into the other parts of the body, inducing systemic disorders of the very important organs.
- Stomatitis: Chronic Ulcerative Paradental Stomatitis (CUPS), or simply called stomatitis, is a state that happens when your cat or dog develops a severe reaction to the plaque on the tooth surfaces. Stomatitis is raised, ulcerative lesions forming on the tissues around the teeth and covered with soft, milky plaque. It can result in inflammation of the throat and the palate and there is accompanying loss of appetite, an enormous amount of spit, bleeding, mouth sensitivity, severe halitosis or bad breath, and weight loss.
Most frequently, stomatitis is due to untreated gingivitis or periodontal disease.
- Baby Teeth: dogs and cats have baby teeth, too, just like humans. They drop out and are replaced by adult permanent teeth. In dogs, the adult teeth are generally all set up at 7 – 8 months of age and in cats, baby teeth are generally replaced entirely by 4 weeks of age. Retained baby teeth can cause a problem once the adult teeth come out. They could lead to overcrowding, the mature tooth may come out crooked and cause an erroneous sting and plaque is quicker to grow and construct up. It’s simple to spot retained baby teeth. There are just two teeth occupying one place; one of them is your baby tooth and the other one is that the adult tooth seeking to emerge. A vet can best determine the status and pull the baby out tooth to generate a way for the permanent one to erupt.
- Tooth Root Abscess: It’s characterized by pain and the presence of pus but many pet owners will not have the ability to observe the pus. The animal may paw at the website or rub its face on the floor, frequently leading one to believe it is an itch.
An abscess is generally due to two conditions: the existence of periodontal disease and tooth traumatic trauma or crack. In periodontal disease, the enlarged pockets allow food debris and bacteria to collect inside and form an abscess as a cracked or chipped tooth exposes the tissues under the tooth, giving entry to the bacteria which cause the abscess.
How To Prevent Dental Diseases in Your Pets
As they say, prevention is always better than cure. It is possible to help prevent these common dental conditions from affecting your own pets and keep them healthy and comfortable. In the home, you can brush their teeth once per day or even only three times a week to match the specialist cleaning of a vet that can be done yearly.
Brushing can be done by using a brush or wrap your finger in a gauze pad and tilting it at a 45-degree angle, then moving the finger in a circular movement, and covering all regions when possible. You will find special veterinary toothpaste, antibacterial soaps, and rawhide chew strips you can buy at your vet’s clinic. These products lessen plaque buildup and may go a very long way to maintaining their oral wellness.
Give your pet nontoxic toys they can chew on to massage their teeth and function as an outlet for their stress and boredom. Again, your vet is your best advisor on these toys.
Home care for dental health is always valuable. But skilled cleaning and cleaning are necessary and cannot be undertaken by you alone. An extensive checkup entails x-rays for diagnoses and anesthesia for total cleaning. Look after your pets. They may not be much help around the home but the joy and merriment they bring are worth more than the money you spend for their maintenance.
Dental Care for Pets
As experienced veterinarians, we all know most pets don’t get the oral hygiene care they have to keep their teeth and gums healthy. That’s why we’re so enthusiastic about providing routine dental care as a crucial part of your pet’s oral and overall health. Learn more from our veterinary dentist.
At our Ambler veterinary hospital, we offer complete dental care for your pet, from fundamental dental exams, teeth cleaning, and polishing to surgeries and dental x-rays and radiographs.
Cats and dogs want access to qualified preventive and restorative veterinary dental care. In Spring House Animal Hospital, our vets supply the careful care your pet needs. Looking for pet vaccinations? Find more here.