Proper Cage Hygiene for a Happy Home

Reptiles, birds, and small mammals make wonderful companion pets that are also entertaining. Each species comes with its own set of challenges. You should properly take care of avian pets to avoid illnesses. Avian husbandry demands a high level of hygiene.

What is the most effective way to keep the cage clean and tidy?

Many pets engage in most of their day-to-day activities in a comparatively tiny space, including drinking, eating, defecating, and playing.

Because of their restricted environment, birds often defecate in the food, water bowls, perches, and other objects within their cages. If you do not wash the floor of your bird’s cage regularly, food items, feces, and other items can build up, spreading fungi and germs like mold. Be sure your loved pets have clean and tidy homes to present to their feathered pals. You can click this link to learn more about avian pet care.

1. Use hot water and detergent.

Clean all parts of your bird’s enclosure by using hot water and detergent, and then rinse them thoroughly using clean water. To ensure that you can control disease, vets recommend using disinfectants like Avisafe and F10 to treat common fungal and bacterial infections.

Bleach (1:32 diluting bleach and water) is a solution to combat resistant bacterial or viral ailments. If you are using an item to clean your bird’s cage, check the label carefully, and you can consult your veterinarian for avian health care.

If you are looking for an avian and exotic pet veterinarian specializing in internal medicine, you can visit websites like They focused on diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of an animals’ internal systems. 

2. Check the feeding bowl and water dishes daily.

Clean and empty the dishes for water and bowl every day. After thoroughly washing with water, dry it. Containers for water and food are best kept in separate sets and used interchangeably. Steel plates made of stainless steel are cleaner than plastic dishes or bottles, which are difficult to clear.

We also like round dishes over rectangular or square containers since the growth of bacteria is likely in the water dish and food corners. To prevent food from getting onto the floor of the cage. Also, in the bowl of your bird, ensure that you only feed your pet what it eats during the day. Food that your bird did not eat can become stale and may serve as a breeding ground for microorganisms that can be detrimental to the health of your bird. If this happens, finding a reputable avian and exotic pet hospital is crucial for your pet’s health.

3. Ensure that the bird perches are clean.

Make sure your bird’s perches are tidy. Make use of warm water or detergent, or disinfectant along with the help of a scrubbing brush or scourer to eliminate feces and organic matter from nests. It would be unwise living in a place with feces lying on the floor. There’s no reason that our beloved pets should not be the same. 

Natural perches are preferable to dowels, plastic, or rope perches since they are easy to replace each week. Fresh branches can also give your pet bird chances to enjoy a healthy environment regularly.

4. Ensure that the cage floors are clean.

It is essential to clean the floor surfaces of cages every day thoroughly, as this is the area where feces, food items that dropped, and water and other unpleasant objects build up. The most cost-effective and efficient flooring material is newspaper. They use soy-based ink in many newspapers. It is safe and non-toxic for your pet to chew.

You should remove the bottom of the tray at least once a week. The entire cage, including the contents, must be thoroughly cleaned. During this time, owners should inspect perches, plates, toys, and other cage items for wear or rust. You must replace all rusted or damaged toys, nests, and frayed ropes as soon as possible.


There are three types of hygiene practices for birds: cleanliness in the air, food safety, ambient cleanliness, and “personal” bird hygiene (grooming). To ensure the good health of our birds demands continuous use of proper practices for hygiene.