What Are the Common Health Problems of Guinea Pigs?

Guinea pigs are simple to take care of. They need to be provided with a safe environment, appropriate food, and aware of any mental or physical health signs. It is essential to be on the lookout for any signs present in your young ones, such as changes in eating or the way they poo, hair loss, swellings, or itching.

If you do not feed your guinea pigs enough or provide them with items that aren’t healthy for the digestive system, they may drop or gain weight fast, have trouble getting in the restroom, or suffer more severe problems. Monitor the habits of their toilets and think about weighting them every day to ensure they’re in good shape.

The most effective way to stop the disease in pet guinea pigs is to have them examined yearly by a vet who is knowledgeable about the species. Eating, drinking, exercising, and passing normal stool are also helpful. Guinea pigs can live long, healthy lives if they receive adequate preventative medical treatment and monitoring for unexpected indications or behavior.

Common Guinea Pig Diseases

Guinea pigs are easy to care for and make excellent family pets when handled regularly and gently. They’re generally robust creatures, although they are prone to certain diseases. Guinea pet owners need to be aware of these common illnesses to seek medical treatment for their pets.

Respiratory Infections

Pneumonia is common in infant guinea pigs with weak immune systems, and it can be caused by different bacteria, including Bordetella and Streptococcus. Guinea animals naturally contain these bacteria within their respiratory tracts. They may be asymptomatic (appearing as healthy) carriers.

Pneumonia can result in a decreased appetite in the eyes, drainage of the nose or eyes or nose, sneezing, and difficulties breathing in guinea pigs. A veterinarian should be consulted if a guinea pig struggles to live as soon as possible. A veterinarian may collect the sample for a culture test to determine the underlying cause and prescribe the correct medication. You can visit a spay & neuter clinic to help you prevent your pet from reproducing.

Gastrointestinal Stasis

Guinea Pigs are herbivores (plant-eaters) that rely on a healthy bacteria population within their intestines to digest their diet. These bacteria require plenty of fiber. Therefore, high-fiber hay should be the foundation of a guinea pig’s diet, fresh vegetables, and a tiny amount of pelleted commercially available food supplemented with vitamin C.

GI stasis causes guinea pigs to eat less, drink less, and move fewer feces. GI stasis in guinea pigs is caused by various reasons, including dental diseases, stress, or any other ailment that causes a reduction in appetite. Guinea porcine suffering from GI stasis must see a veterinarian promptly for pain relief, fluids injected under their skin, and feeding with specially prepared liquid diets to assist in re-start food flow through the GI tracts. Consult a veterinarian to get details on dog cold laser therapy.

Vitamin C Deficiency

Vitamin C is required for healthy growth and maintenance of the skin, joints, and mucosal surfaces such as the gums. It’s also needed for wound healing and the immune system’s health. Guinea pigs with insufficient vitamin C are prone to skin problems, have difficulty healing wounds, and are more likely to contract various infections.

Rough hair coat, decreased appetite, diarrhea, inability to walk, swelling, bleeding joints, and ulcers on the gums are all indicators of vitamin C deficiency in guinea porcine. Most veterinarians recommend giving guinea pigs a daily vitamin C supplement in the form of tablets or liquids. Vitamin C supplements shouldn’t be combined with drinking water because they rapidly degrade in water and lose effectiveness. Visit a veterinary website to learn more.