Did you know that floods are the major natural disasters in the United States? Floods are an overflow of water that submerges land, which is usually dry. People who live in non-resistant buildings or floodplains and lack warning systems or awareness are the most vulnerable to floods.
Why Do Floods Occur?
Floods can occur anywhere in the country, day or night. They usually result from heavy rainfall, rapid snowmelt, or a storm surge from a tsunami or tropical cyclone in coastal areas. They can develop quickly or slowly, causing outages, disrupting transportation, damaging buildings, or causing landslides.
The most common types of floods are:
- Flash Floods. Resulting from rapid and excessive rainfall that raises water heights quickly.
- River Floods. Consistent rain or snowmelt that forces a river to exceed capacity leads to river floods.
- Coastal Floods. They are caused by storm surges connected with tsunamis and tropical cyclones.
Effects of Floods
1. Loss of Life
Death is the most devastating impact of flooding. Flash floods claim not only the lives of people but also pets, wild animals, and livestock. For instance, in 2005, over 1,100 fatalities were recorded in Louisiana caused by Hurricane Katrina. According to reports, hundreds of these occurred in the flooded parts of New Orleans, one of the state’s major cities.
In most cases, drowning is the cause of death in flood disasters. It can also result from heart attacks, electrocution, physical trauma, carbon monoxide poisoning, and fire associated with flooding.
2. Health and Safety Risks
If flood water is not cleaned up immediately, it causes several health issues, including:
- Chemical hazards
- Water and vector-borne diseases, like cholera, typhoid, or malaria
- Mental health effects associated with emergencies
3. Property Damage
Water damage is a common cause of structural damage due to floods. It could be your home, business, vehicles, equipment, and belongings. In cases like these, you need property restoration services. To find the most reliable contractors, you can ask for recommendations from the people you know who’ve worked with them in the past.
You can also find them online but beware of unlicensed and uninsured contractors. Ensure to check reviews and testimonials from their previous clients. If you’re in New York, finding property restoration Buffalo experts is just one click away. Thanks to the fast connection speed.
4. Economic Loss
Unfortunately, not all insurance companies cover water damage caused by floods, putting a tremendous financial strain on flood damage victims. Ensure that you have proper flood insurance for your home or business by keeping updated on your current coverage. Moreover, it’s essential to learn more about floods and their water damage impacts on your property.
5. Emotional Hardship
Flood victims may have difficulties coping with their situations, resulting in:
Thus, these symptoms can interfere with their daily lives, such as trouble sleeping, relationships, loss of appetite, etc.
Are You a Flood Victim?
You never know when it happens, so make sure that your flood insurance can cover potential damage to your property when a disaster strikes. While you can act immediately to prevent further damage to your property, water damage requires expertise. Most importantly, don’t delay water damage cleanup.
Finally, it is important to keep emergency agencies’ contact numbers at hand, including property restoration companies.